Do Mexicans care about air pollution?


  • José Iván Rodríguez-Sánchez Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, Universidad Tecnológica de la Mixteca



Particulate matter, Migration costs, Discrete choice models, Valuation of air quality in Mexico


Mexico has many major problems such as corruption, poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, pollution, etc. Regarding pollution, politicians have established some programs trying to improve air quality in Mexico. But they do not know if Mexicans care about air pollution or they prefer that government faces other problems. This paper answers this question and in fact, we conclude that Mexicans do care about air pollution (measured by Particulate Matter) and they agree to pay to reduce it. This paper follows a residential sorting model to calculate marginal willingness to pay for a reduction in air pollution. Our estimates imply that the household head in Mexico would pay $443.66 to $2,682.92 (in constant 2000 Mexican pesos) or 46.90–283.61 (2000 dollars) for a one-unit reduction in Particulate Matter emissions per year. Therefore, there are benefits to reduce this problem in Mexico and the government and private firms must face this problem since the costs are lower than those benefits.


Bayer P, Keohanie N, Timmins C (2009) Migration and hedonic valuation: the case of air quality. J Environ Econ Manag 58(1):1–14

Boyle K, Poor J, Taylor L (1999) Estimating the demand for protecting freshwater lakes in eutrophication. Am J Agric Econ 81:1118–1122

Chay K, Greenstone M (2005) Does air quality matter? Evidence from the housing market. J Polit Econ 113(2):376–424

Consejo Nacional de Población (CONAPO) (2009) Población en México. Accessed 1 Aug 2010

Forbes (2008) The World’s Dirtiest Cities Accessed 15 Aug 2013

Graves P, Murdoch J, Thayer M, Waldman D (1988) The robustness of hedonic price estimation: urban air quality. Land Econ 64(3):220–233

Hammitt J, Ibarraran E (2006) The economic value of reducing fatal and non-fatal occupational risks in Mexico City using actuarial- and perceived-risk estimates. Health Econ Lett 15:1329–1335

Harrison D, Rubinfeld D (1978) Hedonic housing prices and the demand for clean air. J Environ Econ Manag 5:81–102

Heckman J, Matzkin R, Nesheim L (2004) Simulation and estimation of hedonic models. In: Frontiers in applied general equilibrium modeling. Cambridge University Press

Holguín F et al (2003) Air pollution and heart rate variability among the elderly in Mexico City. Epidemiology 14:521–527

INECC (2006) Inventario Nacional de Emisiones de México 1999. Publicación Oficial Instituto Nacional de Ecología

INEGI (2005a) Censo General de Población y Vivienda 2000 Accessed 15 Aug 2013

INEGI (2005b) Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares (ENIGH). Publicación Oficial INEGI

INEGI (2006) Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares (ENIGH). Publicación Oficial INEGI

INEGI (2007) Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares (ENIGH). Publicación Oficial INEGI

INEGI (2009) Consulta interactiva de datos Accessed 15 Aug 2013

Loomis D et al (1999) Air pollution and infant mortality in Mexico City. Epidemiol Resour Inc 10:118–123

Palmquist R, Smith K (2001) The use of hedonic property value techniques for policy and litigation. International yearbook of environmental and resource economics, vol 6

Progama de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) (2007) Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano México 2006–2007 Accessed 15 Aug 2013

Rosen S (1974) Hedonic prices and implicit markets: product differentiation in pure competition. J Polit Econ 82:34–55

Sattinger M (1993) Assignment models of the distribution of earnings. J Econ Literature 31:831–880

SEMARNAT (2010) Programa para Mejorar la Calidad del Aire de la Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México 2011–2020 (PROAIRE)

Train K (2009) Discrete choice methods with simulation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Viscusi K (1993) The value of risks to life and health. J Econ Literature 31:1912–1946

World Bank (2002) Improving air quality in metropolitan Mexico City. World Bank Report, 1–62






Regular articles

How to Cite

Do Mexicans care about air pollution?. (2024). Latin American Economic Review, 23, 1-24.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 31

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.