Long-term effects of initial labor market conditions on young Mexicans


  • José Pablo Aguilar Martínez Universidad de Monterrey
  • Javier Alejandro Campos Rodríguez Universidad de Monterrey
  • Andrés Alejandro De la Fuente Gámez Universidad de Monterrey
  • Jaime Lara Universidad de Monterrey https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8704-9824
  • Roberto Villarreal Ramírez Universidad de Monterrey https://orcid.org/0009-0007-9891-3463




unemployment, Informality, discouraged population, underemployment


In this paper, we analyze the long-term effects of initial labor market conditions on young Mexicans. We construct a synthetic panel from the National Survey of Occupation and Employment. The sample is grouped according to region, educational level, year of interview, and year of entry into the labor force. The results indicate that the condition of the labor market at the time of entry has long-term effects, especially on income and the discouraged population. As the young population faces greater adversity in the year of entry, income decreases while the discouraged young population increases, but unemployment and informality do not change substantially. The effects are greater when the initial shock increases informality in the region of residence. The effects on income are robust to the inclusion of current conditions in the labor market. We recommend that employment policies should focus on bringing young people into formal employment.


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How to Cite

Long-term effects of initial labor market conditions on young Mexicans. (2023). Latin American Economic Review, 32, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.60758/laer.v32.182

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